IoT-based Air Pollution monitoring and Waste Management

In the context of the Industrial Revolution and specifically due to rise of the Industry4.0, in the past few years, there has been an exponential growth of industries. These industries have caused complex and serious problems to the environment.

Air Pollution and Waste in cities

One of the main problems is the severe environmental pollution. Environmental pollution has caused several issues including deterioration of the atmosphere, climate change, stratospheric ozone depletion, loss of biodiversity, changes in hydrological systems and the supplies of fresh water, land degradation and stress on systems of food production acid rain, and global warming[1]. It is well known that various static and mobile sources release several harmful chemical pollutants that are frequently responsible for increasing the occurrence of diseases such as lung cancer, pneumonia, asthma, chronic bronchitis, coronary artery disease, and chronic pulmonary diseases.

Additionally, cities tend to fail to manage their waste and this makes urban waste management such a burning issue, as poorly managed waste has several consequences to the urban environment, leading to air, water, and soil pollution, and long-term health impacts[2]. Hence, waste management will involve not only the collection of the waste in the field but also the transport and disposal to the appropriate locations[3].

Thus, there is a growing demand for an environmental pollution monitoring and waste management system capable to detect and quantify the ever-increasing pollution sources[4].

MARVEL as an IoT-based solution for Air Pollution monitoring and Waste Management

IoT-based sensors can be successfully used to monitor the target gas concentrations as well as the current state of waste accumulation The usage of IoT-based sensors adds several advantages to a system such as low cost, quick response, low maintenance, ability to produce continuous measurements, etc.

MARVEL promises to extract valuable knowledge and commercial value from sensor data, leading to more accurate predictions, and better analytics and thus shifting the traditional methodologies, techniques, and tools of information extraction to new dimensions by cracking the problem of extreme scale data analytics.

MARVEL also aims to support data-driven real-time application workflows and decision-making in modern cities for effectively addressing societal challenges such as air pollution and waste management, thus, increasing public safety and security.


  • [1]

    Siddiqui, Shahbaz, et al. "Towards Software-Defined Networking-based IoT Frameworks: A Systematic Literature Review, Taxonomy, Open Challenges and Prospects." IEEE Access (2022).
  • [2]

    Saha, Himadri Nath, et al. "Waste management using internet of things (iot)." 2017 8th annual industrial automation and electromechanical engineering conference (IEMECON). IEEE, 2017.
  • [3]

    Anagnostopoulos, Theodoros, et al. "Challenges and opportunities of waste management in IoT-enabled smart cities: a survey." IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Computing 2.3 (2017): 275-289.
  • [4]

    Parmar, Gagan, Sagar Lakhani, and Manju K. Chattopadhyay. "An IoT based low cost air pollution monitoring system." 2017 International Conference on Recent Innovations in Signal processing and Embedded Systems (RISE). IEEE, 2017.

Blog signed by: the INTRA team

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Key Facts

  • Project Coordinator: Dr. Sotiris Ioannidis
  • Institution: Foundation for Research and Technology Hellas (FORTH)
  • E-mail: 
  • Start: 01.01.2021
  • Duration: 36 months
  • Participating Organisations: 17
  • Number of countries: 12

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This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation program under grant agreement No 957337. The website reflects only the view of the author(s) and the Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.